Emerging Diseases in a Changing european environment

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Emerging diseases

EDEN has selected a series of indicator diseases:

  • With a strong link with the environment,
  • Currently (at risk) of (re-) emerging or spreading due to environmental and other changes,
  • Representative as a group of a wide geographical range of (changing) eco-systems
  • Representative of the main epidemiological processes involved in emergence.

Tick-borne pathogens – causing diseases already present in Europe that have shown significant recent increases in incidence, at least partly due to changes in human behaviour in relation to the environment.

Rodent-borne viruses (hanta, arena, cowpox) - widespread but under-reported diseases within Europe, with strong links with habitat and landscape structures.

Leishmaniasis - persistent on the southern fringes of Europe and beyond (southern Mediterranean basin), with the potential to expand as environments change.

West Nile Virus - periodic and occasionally severe local outbreaks, especially on the eastern fringes of Europe, currently showing strong associations with landscape patterns but also (the USA experience) potential for explosive spread.

Malaria – an ancient scourge of Europe, currently now on its southern and eastern fringes, with the potential for re-emergence following environmental changes.

African source diseases - new strains of West Nile Virus and new diseases such as Rift Valley Fever may be introduced to Europe from tropical regions linked by bird and other (e.g. traded livestock) migratory routes to Europe.

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